Amazon rainforest

Enjoy our awesome range of Earth facts for kids. This common basilisk can do this incredible stunt with its toes that possess a special webbing, allowing it to stand upon its two hind feet.

Poison Dart Frog The poison dart frog, contrary to its name, may not be deadly at all, as only 3 species are actually lethal, of which the golden poison arrow frog is the most dangerous. Because of this, deforestation accounts for about 10 to 15 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

The rainforest has been in existence for at least 55 million years, and most of the region remained free of savanna -type biomes at least until the current ice agewhen the climate was drier and savanna more widespread.

Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon basin has the greatest variety of plant species on Earth and an abundance of animal life, in contrast to the scrublands that border it to the south and east. The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world, covering over five and a half a million square kilometres 1.

At this time the Amazon rainforest was born. Nearly two-thirds of the Amazon lies in Brazil. They love to drink the nectar of flowers and have a diet consisting of 90 percent fruits. Illegal gold mining[ edit ] Illegal gold mining is rampant among the Madre de Dios Region of Peru, and is extremely harmful to the environment.

Capybara The Capybara is similar in appearance to cavies and guinea pigs. The immense extent and great continuity of this rainforest is a reflection of the high rainfallhigh humidityand monotonously high temperatures that prevail in the region.

Amazon Rainforest Facts Learn more about the Amazon rainforest with our range of fun facts for kids. Glass Frog As its name implies, the skin of the glass frog is translucent though it is mostly lime green. There are also a number of dangerous species living in the Amazon rainforest such as the cougar, jaguar and anaconda.

You can actually see its abdomen, heart, liver, and various other organs if you care to look, as if you have been granted X-Ray vision. When fleeing from predators, it can literally run on the surface of water such as a pond or stream at a speed of 5 miles per hour, and for up to a distance of 20 meters.

In both and the Amazon rainforest suffered severe droughts that killed off large amounts of vegetation in the worst affected areas. Semi-aquatic rodents by nature, they make themselves quite at home amidst the Amazonian wetlands. Among those were evidence of roads, bridges and large plazas.

A possibility causing the variation is the Sahela strip of semi-arid land on the southern border of the Sahara. Harpy Eagle These beautiful raptors live across much of Central America in addition to the Amazonian jungles. Even still, they are considered carnivores. Additionally, only seven percent of the oil blocs in the Western Amazon have been extracted, so there is potential for further illegal exploration in undiscovered areas.

CALIPSO has measured variations in the dust amounts transported— an 86 percent drop between the highest amount of dust transported in and the lowest in As only very few types of timber fall under this legislation, the real percentage of illegally harvested timber in Peru is assumed to be significantly higher.

Peruvian Amazonia

Their body temperature is low at only 86 degrees Fahrenheit merely 30 degrees Amazon rainforest. Deforestation of the Amazon River basin has followed a pattern of cutting, burning, farming, and grazing. Amazonia is the largest river basin in the world, and its forest stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the tree line of the Andes in the west.

Around the world, people like you have stepped up to achieve policy reform, additional protected areas, and commitments from corporations that have slowed the rate of deforestation.

If the Amazon rainforest was a country, it would rank 9th in size. There are approximately fruits that grow in the rainforest that are edible.

In the river, electric eels can produce an electric shock that can stun or kill, while piranha are known to bite and injure humans. Barrel-shaped and covered in dark red and brown fur, adult capybaras stand around 2 feet tall at the shoulders on all fours, are in excess of 4 feet long, and may weigh close to pounds, making them massive for rodents.

There are also a number of dangerous species living in the Amazon rainforest such as the cougar, jaguar and anaconda. Savanna divided patches of rainforest into "islands" and separated existing species for periods long enough to allow genetic differentiation a similar rainforest retreat took place in Africa.

With the Interoceanic Highway available, "30, miners are estimated to be in operation without legal permits. The Golden Lion Tamarin can grow 6 to 10 inches long, while its tail can be even longer at 12 to 15 inches. Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biomeand tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia.

Then, the cleared land is used for agriculture, most often cattle grazing. Demography[ edit ] Although it is the largest region of Peru, the Peruvian Amazon is the least populated. Although debatedit is believed that much of the Amazon reverted to savanna and montane forest see chapter 3-Ice Ages and Glaciation.

The trees are so tightly packed that it can take 10 minutes for the rain to reach the ground below. The Amazon rainforest is located in South America and covers million square miles of land.

Brazil has 60%, Peru has 13%, and Colombia has 10% while other countries have very small parts of the rainforest within their borders. The Peruvian Amazon is traditionally divided into two distinct ecoregions: The lowland jungle (in Spanish Selva Baja) is also known as Omagua region, Walla, Anti, Amazonian rainforest or Amazon basin.

The Amazon Rainforest is located in 9 different countries but the majority of it (around 60%) is located in Brazil. The rest of it can be found in Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana (which is technically an overseas territory).

There are forests that teem with native wildlife and canopies alive in birdsong, and Verified Reviews · 24/7 Live Support · Photos, Videos, & Maps · Low Price GuaranteeTypes: Skip the Line Tickets, Day Tours, Museum Tickets, Guided Tours, Bus Tours. Amazon Rainforest Facts. The Amazon Rainforest is a beautiful place that is full of unique animals, millions of miles of trees, and rare species of plants and bugs- some that haven’t even been discovered yet! Information about the Amazon rainforest, its people, places of interest, and how everyone can help. Conference: Climate change and the fate of the Amazon. Podcasts of talks given at Oriel College, University of Oxford, March 20–22,

Amazon rainforest
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Amazon Rainforest Facts