To some extent these regions preserve the traditional speech of southeastern and southern England, where most of the early colonists were born. The words brush, bush, creek, paddock, and scrub acquired wider senses, whereas the terms brook, dale, field, forest, and meadow were seldom used.
Each has its subdialects. The Northern dialect is spoken in New England. List of mutually intelligible languages[ edit ] Below is an incomplete list of fully and partially mutually intelligible varieties sometimes considered languages.
On the other hand, spoken forms vary in dialects and variants particularly with respect to pronunciation, idioms, and vocabulary. Scots is not to be confused with Scottish Gaelica Celtic language still spoken by about 60, people almost all bilingual mostly in the Highlands and the Western Isles.
Scotsor Lowland Scottishwas once a part of Northern English, but the two dialects began to diverge in the 14th century. Distribution of majority Anglophone and Francophone populations in Canada. Between North and South Islands there are observable differences. Mutually intelligible languages or varieties of one language[ edit ] There is no formal distinction between two distinct languages and two varieties of a single language, but some linguists use mutual intelligibility as one of the primary factors in deciding between the two cases.
Upon a large number of indigenous languages rests a slowly changing superstructure of world languages Arabic, English, French, and Portuguese. It is a term which should not be overworked but a temperate use of the term is appropriate and it can be cited as one of the features accounting for the relative standardness of overseas varieties, such as Australian or New Zealand English with regards to British forms of English.
In a negative construction, an indefinite pronoun such as nobody or nothing can be inverted with the negative verb particle for emphasis e. The second type contains flora and fauna words. However, though as the global lingua franca, English varies on how it is used, either written or spoken.
There can be various reasons for this. Bengali and Urdu were made the national languages of East and West Pakistan, respectively, but English was adopted as a third official language and functioned as the medium of interstate communication.
Malan were all Dutchmen. Intelligibility among languages can vary between individuals or groups within a language population according to their knowledge of various registers and vocabulary in their own language, their exposure to additional related languages, their interest in or familiarity with other cultures, the domain of discussion, psycho - cognitive traits, the mode of language used written vs.
A creek leading out of a river and entering it again downstream was called an anastomizing branch a term from anatomyor an anabranch, whereas a creek coming to a dead end was called by its native name, a billabong. Perhaps the most common reason for apparent asymmetric intelligibility is that speakers of one variety have more exposure to the other than vice versa.
Less than one-fourth of its people, living mostly in the province of Quebechave French as their mother tongue. Pronunciation and morphology features can equally be classified according to frequency of variation in non-standard forms of the language.
This phenomenon is known as colonial lag. Less than one-fourth of its people, living mostly in the province of Quebechave French as their mother tongue. Later they took words from foreign settlers: Among these varieties, none is considered "correct" or "incorrect", except in terms of the expectations of the particular audience to which the language is directed.
In particular, Maoriwhich remains a living language related to Tahitian, Hawaiian, and the other Austronesian [Malayo-Polynesian] languageshas a greater number of speakers and more influence in North Island. The blanket term Austral English is sometimes used to cover the language of the whole of Australasia, but this term is far from popular with New Zealanders because it makes no reference to New Zealand and gives all the prominence, so they feel, to Australia.
Its widespread use and prominence around the world are attributed to the colonization and expansion of the British Empire that ruled in many parts in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and the political influence and economic dominance of USA from the late nineteenth century to the present day.
Written and spoken forms[ edit ]. In some South Western accents yat comes from the old singular geat, whereas RP gate comes from the plural gatu. However, most dictionaries simply say its etymology is unknown. In some other countries, varieties and subvarieties of English are used.
Other East Anglian words show consonantal metathesis switch positionas in singify for signify, and substitution of one liquid or nasal for another, as in chimbly for chimney and synnable for syllable. For the classification of varieties of English in terms of pronunciation only, see Regional accents of English.
The standard referred to here is Received Pronunciation and the variation applies chiefly to forms of British English. In the UK, as being taught in schools, the formal form of written language, referred to as British English, has a slight emphasis on a few words that are localized, but the form is consistent, especially the essential features.
The Northern dialect is spoken in New England. English is widely used in business, in higher educationand in scientific research. General American is spoken by the majority of Americans, including many in the North-East and South and thus contrasts strongly with Received Pronunciation which is a prestige sociolect spoken by only a few percent of all the British.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Nevertheless, in spite of the effect of this proximity to the United States, British influences are still potent in some of the larger cities; Scottish influences are well sustained in Ontario. Many translated example sentences containing "two varieties" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.
Canadian English is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada. According to the census, English was the first language of approximately 19 million Canadians (57% of the population) the remainder of the population were native speakers of Canadian French (22%) or other languages (allophones, 21%).
The two main groups are Britain and America. For each there are standard forms of English which are used as yardsticks for comparing other varieties of the respective areas.
This article is an overview list of dialects of elleandrblog.comts are linguistic varieties which may differ in pronunciation, vocabulary, spelling and elleandrblog.com the classification of varieties of English in terms of pronunciation only, see Regional accents of English.
Dialects can be defined as "sub-forms of languages which are, in general, mutually comprehensible". The English language has two types: British English and American English. Other variations such as Oxford English, Standard English, or other variants are mere adaptations of the two types (especially for consistency or reference use, e.g., in media or publication).
In this paper, we are discussing the two varieties of English which are British English and American English. British English is the form of English used in UK. It includes the dialects used in UK.Two varieties of english